Despite a robust appearance, bull terriers are a breed with a sensitive physiology and are more prone to food allergies, environmental toxins and emotional stress than many other breeds.


Why? It’s easy to forget that bull terriers are a young breed. The form of the breed we know today has developed rapidly over just 150 years. From the perspective of animal husbandry, inbreeding is unavoidable in this kind of rapid intentional development. This means that often, for the sake of aesthetic conformation, anomalies that can’t be seen – mutations like genetic polymorphisms (SNPs) – get entrenched in the breed as certain blood lines are repeatedly overlapped. The global bull terrier gene pool is a relatively small one – and subsequently the same immunodeficiencies, food and environmental sensitivities are prolific in bullies in every corner of the world.


I’ve met SO MANY bull terrier owners, both on social media and in real life, who struggle with their bully’s skin and foot health, battling recurring eczema, pyoderma and pododermatitis constantly. There is light at the end of the tunnel! These skin conditions are completely treatable and preventable through diet, detox and natural supplementation. The first step: make the shift to a dairy-free, grain-free diet (going gluten-free isn’t enough – this means no rice, oats, quinoa, buckwheat or rye). Step two: make sure they don’t have any protein specific sensitivities (eg. the most common sensitivities are beef, chicken or lamb) by just doing some simple 6-8 week elimination tests for each protein source easily at home. Step three: then if you can manage to add in some of the immune-supportive and detox supplements on this page, even better! If you can change the way you think about your dog’s diet you’re on your way saying no to another tube of cortisone cream or yet another prescription for antibiotics.


To keep her skin, digestion, joints and immune system as healthy as could be Lulu’s diet was completely grain, dairy, preservative and filler free, and also free from beef as we discovered quite an acute beef sensitivity (one sneaky steak treat from the table and 48-72hrs later we’d see skin issues pop up). Rich in quality protein, good oils and carefully researched natural supplements it was her daily food that provided the essential foundation for minimising allergies, fighting oxidative stress, supporting her eliminatory organs, musculoskeletal health, natural immunity and overall wellbeing.

If you’ve already scrolled down for a sneak peek at the list of supplements below you might have come to the conclusion that I’m insane. It’s true – every supplement in the picture above was a component of Lulu’s daily diet! In defence of my sanity, it didn’t start out this way – the comprehensive supplementation regime outlined on this page is the result of sixteen years of research, trial and error. I can tell you that it was ALL worth it every time I looked at my happy, healthy, bouncy, alert, cheeky teenage bull terrier with beautifully healthy skin and toes.


But please don’t let the size of the supplement list below overwhelm you and put you off – it’s all about baby steps at first. I just started with one or two originally and built up to the collection below over the course of many years and my knowledge grew and I saw the benefits with my own eyes. So just have a browse through descriptions of the supplements and start out by picking just a few that stand out to you as helpful right now for your own dog. As your confidence grows and adding a couple of supplements becomes part of your routine you can always add more down the track. Because when you love your dog it’s just so empowering to realise first-hand what an incredible difference you can make to their happiness, health and longevity by making informed and conscious choices with their diet.


The following quantities and supplement does rates were designed for Lulu’s weight of 25kg (55lbs). For a dog more than 5kg lighter or heavier I would adjust the dose rates to suit.



125g Quality Fresh Raw Meat 


Quality and raw are the keywords here. As in fresh, fit for human consumption, quality meat. Not ‘meat byproduct’ as so often graces the ingredient lists of commercial, processed ‘dog food’ and most definitely free of flavours, colours, preservatives, sodium and nitrites.


It’s also very important to note here that the type of meat you choose for your dog can play a big role in their health as protein specific food sensitivities are becoming more and more common in dogs. Due to generation after generation of dogs being fed poor quality commercial dog food (our grandparents and parents didn’t have the information we have now!), that ‘food’ causing damage to stomach linings and immune systems, and those issues being imprinted in the form of genetic mutations and passed down to present our day puppies, it’s now not at all rare to find your dog may have a sensitivity to beef, chicken or lamb. So if you do have a dog with any skin, allergy, early-onset arthritic or immune issues it’s really important to do an elimination diet for each of those proteins for at least 6 weeks at a time to rule out sensitivity. Lulu had a beef sensitivity which effected her skin, sinuses and mobility significantly. If she had so much as a mouthful of steak from someone’s plate within a few days she’d break out in either hotspots or foot sores, get a runny nose or itchy ears and becomes noticeably less agile. I know of other bullies who also have beef sensitivities, and my mother’s spoodle is very sensitive to lamb (throws up, gets very itchy). Whether or not you discover your dog has any specific protein specific sensitivities I always recommend mixing up protein sources (avoiding sensitivities of course) as much as possible and feeding some of the more obscure meats when possible like rabbit, venison, turkey, chevon (goat), wallaby, kangaroo or fish.


Why raw? The natural enzymes in fresh raw meat are an essential component of a dog’s digestive process. A dog consuming mostly processed or cooked meat likely receives little or none of these natural enzymes and must rely on their body to manufacture many or all of the enzymes they need for healthy digestion. A dog’s pancreas produces protease, amylase, and lipase, but likely not enough to completely digest cooked food – this can result in indigestion, discomfort, gas, insufficient nutrient absorption, an imbalance of gut flora and or fungal overgrowth in the gut (which can in-turn effect skin condition and immunity).


While I’m an advocate for raw feeding, I personally don’t feed bones as Lulu is what’s known as a ‘hard chewer’.  In her fast and furious approach to bones she often bites off chunks that are too large to swallow safely without risk of choking or blockage, and with a bull terrier’s strength of jaw the risk of cracking teeth (which can lead to painful abscesses and expensive surgery) is just too great.  In lieu of bones I often slip in a spoonful broth and bone mash, a byproduct of  bone broth I make weekly for myself, into her meal to give her an extra dose of bioavailable calcium and collagen. I also brush her teeth every second day so she doesn’t miss out on dental hygiene without bones in her diet.


For those who are similarly not keen on feeding bones but don’t regularly make bone broth (most of you reading this!), Chia seeds are a great source of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and protein. 1 tsp of chia thrown in the spice grinder with the rest of the supplements will give a boost of those minerals essential to bone health.


Where to get it:


I buy raw meat for Lulu from either the local butcher or a local supermarket I trust.



125g Fresh Steamed and Mashed Veggies (and/or Puréed Raw) with Manuka Honey UMF 5+ 


With veggies (and meat) I try to mix it up from day to day or week to week.


The range of veggies I fed Lulu included: pumpkin, carrots, peas, green beans, cabbage, celery, zucchini and sweet potato. It’s important to purée or finely chop (ie. in a food processor), particularly when feeding raw veggies, because dogs don’t have the same mastication (chewing) process as humans. We have teeth and jaws designed for smashing and grinding the cell walls of plants (cellulose) which frees up the nutrients locked inside the cells. We also take more time to chew which allows the the digestive enzyme (amylase) present in saliva to get a jump start on the digestion process. Being a scavenging carnivore by biological design, your dog’s jaw doesn’t have the same side-to-side range of motion, nor the flat molars it takes to smash those cell walls, and we all know they rarely take the time to chew thoroughly before swallowing!


In order for a dog to be able to get any value out of a raw vegetable it has to have those cell walls broken up by pureeing or juicing. Cooking also breaks down the cellulose, but remember that heat can also alter/diminish nutrient content. Pumpkin and sweet potato are the only vegetable I always steamed for Lulu (nb. potatoes of any variety should never be fed raw). I never fed potato often, but when I did I choose to feed sweet potatoes rather than regular white potatoes because of their higher nutritional value, and white potatoes tended to upset Lulu’s tummy (sweet potatoes can also upset digestion if fed too often – I never feed them more than one meal a week).


I often add 1/4tsp of medicinal Manuka honey, with a UMF factor of at least 5+, to Lulu’s daily veggies. A particularly unique immune booster, the effects of feeding Manuka honey were been particularly evidenced in the resilience and repair of Lulu’s sensitive skin. Lulu also absolutely loved the taste of the Manuka honey and while, when applied topically, Manuka honey is renowned for it’s unique antibacterial properties, conversely, when consumed in the small amounts I feed Lulu, it has been proven to stimulate the of growth of beneficial bacteria (probiotics) in the gut.  (Source)


When deciding whether to feed your dog a particular vegetable not on the list above I’d recommend Googling ‘<vegetable name> safe for dogs’ just to be sure certain that it’s ok. (NB. Never feed onions, garlic, leeks or shallots – all part of the allium family and are very toxic for dogs. Read more why you should never feed any of these vegetables HERE).


Where to get it: 


Veggies: Fresh is best! I buy veggies from our local Saturday fresh fruit and veg market or a local trusted green grocer.


Manuka Honey: In Australia I buy raw natural Manuka Honey from a trusted apiarist at the local Brisbane farmer’s markets, or in a pinch I pick up either Barnes Naturals NPA/UMF 5+ honey here: or Bramwell’s MGO 83+ (equiv. UMF 5) from Aldi.

NB. ‘UMF’ stands for Unique Manuka Factor and the accompanying rating describes the medicinal potency of the honey. The ‘UMF’ acronym is interchangeable with ‘NPA’ (Non-Peroxide Activity) ie. UMF 5+ is the same as NPA 5+. MGO is an abbreviation for Methylgloxal (one of the chemical indicators for Unique Manuka Factor) although the MGO value doesn’t translate directly to UMF. There’s a good MGO -> UMF calculator here:



125g Natural Grain-Free Biscuits/Kibble (Ivory Coat Hypoallergenic, Billy+Margot, Sunday Pets Holistic Grain-free or Ziwipeak)


Ivory Coat is made in Australia, sourced from natural Australian grown ingredients, and Sunday Pets and Ziwipeak are both made in New Zealand, sourced from natural New Zealand grown ingredients. All three are beautifully balanced natural formulas full of quality protein, good oils, vitamins and minerals making them the perfect component to round-out the nutritional profile of Lulu’s daily meals. For those in the UK/Canada/USA I’ve also spent some time researching equivalent brands available in your territories – see the ‘Where to get it’ section below for my recommendations.


All three brands make quite simply the best quality, genuinely hypoallergenic food I’ve come across in 16yrs of feeding a hyper-sensitive dog. The flavour of the quality ingredients in both also seem to be super palatable – Lulu was a fairly picky eater and she adored all three. Compare the top five ingredients on any of the above to others on the market and the quality speaks for itself. Ivory Coat and Sunday Pets are very reasonably priced – no more than the more big ‘scientifically formulated’, ‘vet endorsed’  brands (all with their fair share of fillers and preservatives). Ziwipeak is fairly expensive, but it really packs and extraordinary nutritional punch and, due to the pieces being softer and smaller, is great for older dogs who no longer have the full set of smashing nashers they were born with.


Once you’ve nailed your main fresh ingredients and chosen your supplementary quality holistic biscuits/kibble, my key tip for feeding both is to feed them separately. Fresh food and dry food are digested at a different rate, so for optimal digestive comfort and nutritional benefit feed them separately rather than mixed, ie. feed one in the morning, one in the evening, or just leave 15-20mins in between as I did with Lulu. She always received her fresh meal first and, a little while later, her biscuits – often in a treat ball or puzzle toy (good for the brain and digestion!).


Where to get it:


Ivory Coat and Billy+Margot are made in Australia and available with Australia-wide shipping from, or from selected quality local pet stores and Australian online pet stores.


Sunday Pets and Ziwipeak are made in New Zealand and are available in most quality pet stores in and around New Zealand. In Australia they’re available from a select few local pet stores and a number of online stores. I buy mine online here… Ziwipeak:


For those in the UK I recommend AATU – it’s grain-free, dairy-free, filler-free and hypo-allergenic, with locally (UK) sourced high-quality protein and veggies in a very conscious, holistically-minded ingredient list:


For those in the USA/Canada I recommend the Acana Heritage Range. It actually took me a lot of research to find a North American product that stacked up to those available in Australia/NZ/UK, and Acana’s Heritage Range is it (honestly, I haven’t been able to find any others that make the grade, including most of the ‘grain-free’ and ‘holistic’ brands that have made a name for themselves in that corner of the world). Acana’s Heritage range is grain and dairy-free, filler-free, hypoallergenic, biologically-appropriate, packed with high-quality protein and made in their Alberta, Canada and Kentucky, USA kitchens from fresh locally sourced ingredients. NB. It’s specifically their ‘Heritage’ range (all grain-free with a high protein ratio) that I recommend:


If you live in an area where none of the above are available just check out ingredients lists of the holistic grain-free products on, and and try to find a grain-free, dairy-free, preservative-free, filler-free quality dry food with a similar balance of quality ingredients available in your location.





1 dsp Organic Unfiltered Apple Cider Vinegar 


For overall wellness – digestion, skin and coat health, ph balance, joint health, detoxification, immunity and allergy relief.


Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) contains more than 30 important nutrients, 12 minerals, 6 vitamins, essential acids, several enzymes and is rich in pectin (good for heart health).


Added to food ACV has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that support the immune system, deter intestinal fungal overgrowth (like candida) and promote good gut flora. A powerful detoxifying and purifying agent it supports the vital eliminatory organs – kidneys, bladder and liver. Rich in potassium, ACV supports muscle and bone health, tissue repair, arthritis relief, dental health and strong healthy toenails.


Apple cider vinegar is also the king of skin and hair remedies – diluted and applied topically it’s one of the most effective treatments for itchies, allergies, eczema, fungal and bacterial skin infections. Read more in my guide to treating eczema, pyoderma and pododermitis HERE.


Where to get it:


Available from most supermarkets, health food stores and some pharmacies. NB. the phrase ‘with The Mother’ is often written on the product packaging to indicate that the vinegar is ‘unrefined’ and still retains the natural probiotic rich sediment that has multiple health benefits.



Probiotic, quality blend 


For digestive health, immune support, optimal nutritional absorption, skin and joint health. Long term probiotic supplementation plays a vital role in preventing the skin issues that plague many bull terriers.


The digestive tract is the largest immune reactive surface in a dog’s body. It is your dog’s first line of defence, exposed daily to pathogens, viruses, bacteria and food particles. When a dog’s gastrointestinal (GI) tract is healthy, it allows for the absorption of vitamins, minerals and amino acids, while at the same time preventing entry of disease-causing substances.


The amount of bacteria in a dog’s gut is believed to out-number the cells in its body. As with humans, a dog’s gut is an ecosystem teeming with approximately 1,000 different species of bacteria. Beneficial ‘good’ bacteria plays a vital role in healthy digestion, nutrient absorption and defence against pathogens and toxins. The aim should always be to ensure that good bacteria is the dominant force in the GI ecosystem. When a dog’s diet is less-than-optimal it allows bad bugs to infiltrate and overrun the good ones – this is called dysbiosis. Dysbiosis dramatically alters the defence mechanisms of the gastrointestinal tract, significantly impacting the immune system and inflammatory responses. The effects of a compromised immune system can be serious and as diverse as immune dysfunction, autoimmune disease, food allergies, behavioral disorders, joint pain, arthritis, eczema, dermatitis and nutritional deficiencies.


What causes dysbiosis?


Feeding grains (complex carbohydrates) can cause abnormal gut fermentation leading to an overgrowth of yeast and unfriendly bacteria and adversely effecting vitamin absorbtion.


Feeding foods with high insoluble fibre ‘filler’ content (ie. cellulose, corn or beat pulp) can prevent nutrient absorption by inhibiting nutrients from coming in contact with the mucosal surface.


Antibiotics! It’s very important to understand that antibiotics do not discriminate in the type of bacteria they destroy. They kill both the healthy and unhealthy bacteria. By compromising good bacteria levels, you increase your pet’s risk of intestinal infection and yeast overgrowth.  ALWAYS make sure that for every course of antibiotics a quality pro-biotic is given during and after treatment.


Other internally given medications like worm tablets, flea/tick tablets, steroids, and anti-inflammatory meds like Rimadyl can be disruptive to the digestive system.


Stress. The stress hormone (cortisol) alters the way the body regulates normal functions, resulting in decreased production of gastric acid and immunoglobulin, subsequently lowering GI defences and allowing unfriendly bacteria to flourish.


Feeding a diet high in cooked or processed meat. Cooked meat lacks the natural enzymes dogs require to properly digest protein. Improperly digested proteins can contribute to imbalance and intestinal permeability (microscopic holes in the intestinal wall) causing abnormal immune responses and inflammation. Processes meats (like bacon, salami, deli meats, hamburger patties) are high in sodium (not good for dogs) and preservatives like nitrites that can inhibit repair to damaged intestinal mucosa.


Symptoms of dysbiosis in dogs: Joint stiffness, itchy skin, fungal infections (ears, skin), acute environmental allergies, lethargy, irritability, bloating, diarrhoea, gas.


It’s important to replace good bacteria, like acidophilus and bifidus, when digestive health has been disrupted by any of the factors mentioned above. If you suspect dog is suffering from dysbiosis, supplementing their diet with a quality probiotic will at least do no harm, and most likely dramatically increase their quality of life.



Where to get it:


The best probiotic I’ve found found for Lulu is Protexin Paste (also available in powder and liquid forms). Just follow the guide on the tube for dose rates. It’s reasonably priced and available through most vet supply outlets (and some vet clinics). I get mine locally from The Vet Shed and they also ship Australia-wide from their online store here (if you’re buying the paste or liquid just remember to choose the refrigerated delivery option during checkout):

For those outside Australia, if Protexin (or a local equivalent) isn’t available where you are I’d recommend just finding a simple human-grade acidophilus and bifidus formula and feeding 1-2 billion CFU per day.



2 heaped tsp Flax seeds (linseeds), freshly ground


For overall wellness, immunity, heart health, longevity, digestion, healthy skin, coat, eyes and nails.


Flax seeds are a rich source of micronutrients, dietary fibre, manganese, vitamin B1, and the essential fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (a.k.a. ALA or omega-3).


The ALA in flax seeds support healthy skin and hair by providing the essential fatty acids and b-vitamins that reduce dryness, flakiness and improve symptoms of eczema and dermatitis. ALA also helps to prevent dry eye syndrome.


Flax seeds are also one of natures richest sources of lignans. Lignans are unique fiber-related polyphenols that provide antioxidant benefits for longevity, hormone balance and cellular health. Polyphenols support the growth of probiotics in the gut and may also help protect against intestinal fungal overgrowth (like candida). The ALA in flax seeds can also help protect the lining of the digestive tract, reduce gut inflammation and maintain digestive health. A balanced, healthy digestive system is the foundation for a strong and balanced immune system. ALA omega-3 fatty acids are also believed to prevent the growth of cancerous cells by preventing malignant cells from clinging to healthy cells and the lignans in flaxseed have antiangiogenic properties preventing tumors from forming new blood vessels.


Where to get it:


Available from most supermarkets, health food stores and some pharmacies.




12.5mg of Zinc Picolinate


For skin health, immunity, DNA and cell health and overall wellness.


Zinc plays a vital role in immune function, protein synthesis, wound healing, cell division and DNA synthesis. Zinc also supports optimal growth and development young, growing dogs. The body has no natural zinc retention system, which makes daily zinc supplementation a necessity for optimal health. It’s also a key factor in preventing conditions like naso-digital keratosis (fibrous growths from the nose and/or paw pads) and hyper-keratosis (where the skin doesn’t properly let go of shed hair, contributing to in-grown hair type eczema and pyderma/hotspots) not uncommon in bull terriers and other bull breeds. If you have a bull terrier with skin issues, zinc supplementation at the right dose can be extremely helpful in healing and preventing eczema and hotspot break outs.


There are a number of different supplemental forms of zinc and choosing the right one is important – they’re not all created equal. I use zinc picolinate – one of the most bioavailable forms – for Lulu and for myself. Zinc citrate and zinc gluconate are also good options. Take care to avoid buying zinc oxide (often listed in cheaper dog food ingredients) as it’s one of the least bioavailable (ie. you might as well not bother, it won’t be absorbed or used).


While you certainly don’t want to have a dog with a zinc deficiency, it’s equally important not to over-supplement with zinc (as over-supplementation can lower copper levels). So important to work out the correct dose rate according the weight of your dog. ThePossibleCanine has a great page on zinc supplementation for dogs with an easy formula for working out dose rate. The 12.5mg daily dose I supplemented Lulu on was a maintenance dose and about half what’s recommended by TPC’s equation (22.5mg) for her weight, but I like to work it that way knowing that I can bump up to the full dose during short periods when she needs extra immune or skin support (ie. allergy season), and not worry about over-doing it and effecting her copper levels.



Where to get it: 


I use the Thompson 25mg Zinc Picolinate tablets from iHerb (available worldwide) for both Lulu and I. For Lulu I cut the 25mg tabs in half to get Lulu’s 12.5mg and just tuck them in a little raw minced meat. They do have a little bit of a bitter slightly metallic taste, so I definitely recommend stealth tactics when feeding rather than grinding them up with everything else…



2000mg (or 1/2 tsp) of Deep Sea Kelp


Thyroid health, adrenal health, glandular system health and overall wellness.


Kelp contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B, C & E, minerals and trace elements iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, selenium, iodine, copper, cobalt, sulphur and baron, as well as amino acids, making it a a rich natural mix of salts and minerals and an awesome natural superfood for our furry friends (and us!). This fantastic blend of of salts and minerals (particularly iodine, magnesium, potassium, iron and calcium) help keep your dog’s entire glandular system, the pituitary gland, the adrenal gland, as well as the thyroid gland healthy and functioning at optimal level. Supporting a healthy glandular system is key to preventing hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid gland) which can lead to a raft of other health issues, and adrenal gland dysfunction like Cushing’s Disease, both of which are increasingly common in senior dogs and can seriously effect quality of life and longevity.


The thyroid gland is responsible for regulating the metabolism, and also supports heart and digestive function. If your senior dog seems particularly tired and lacking energy, uninterested in life (and the things that would normally excite them), is moody or grumpy, is shedding excessively or having trouble re-growing hair, doesn’t seem as cognitively sharp as they should be, or is struggling with an unexplained weight gain it could be the result of a sluggish thyroid or general glandular dysfunction for which kelp supplementation can do wonders. I’ve been supplementing Lulu’s food with kelp daily since she was a puppy, and throughout her senior years it’s done wonders to help maintain her quality of life, energy levels and consistent wellness.


Hypothyroidism can effect keratin levels – keratin is the structural protein that protects epithelial cells and is the key material that makes up the outer layer of skin and hair for both dogs and humans. Which means that similarly to zinc (see above), thyroid support (through kelp supplementation) can also a key factor in preventing conditions like naso-digital keratosis and hyper-keratosis not uncommon in bull terriers and other bull breeds.


Where to get it: 


Lulu gets 2 x 1000mg tablets per day tucked into some minced meat, or you can grind them up with the other supplements to be mixed in with breakfast or dinner. You can also get kelp in powder form, just make sure that it is fresh (ie. has been transported/stored sealed in an air-tight container) and that it’s specifically deep sea kelp to ensure maximum nutritional value and iodine content, and minimal environmental toxins (compared to that harvested closer to the shores near pollution-happy humans and their various industrial endeavours).


You’ll find kelp at most good health food stores and some pharmacies. Here in Australia I use the Nature’s Own Deep Sea Kelp 1000mg for both Lulu and I….


For those outside Australia check out your local health food store or iHerb have a number of options including this one by Nature’s Way:



125mg Curcumin (the anti-inflammatory component in turmeric)


Joint health, arthritis relief, cognitive function, heart health, metabolism. Nature’s most powerful anti-inflammatory and a very strong antioxidant.


Curcumin is the main active ingredient in turmeric. Curcumin fights inflammation at a cellular level blocking NF-kB, a molecule that travels into the nuclei of cells and turns on genes related to inflammation. NF-kB is believed to play a major role in many chronic disease. Curcumin also boosts levels of the brain hormone BDNF, which increases the growth of new neurons and fights various degenerative processes in the brain. The innate ability of curcumin to combat chronic inflammation systemically also makes it a powerful preventative and treatment for joint related issues like arthritis.


Curcumin protects against heart disease by improving the function of the endothelium, the lining of the blood vessels, to regulate blood pressure, blood clotting and various other factors integral to heart health. Studies have shown that curcumin can reduce angiogenesis (growth of new blood vessels in tumors), metastasis (spread of cancer), as well as contributing to the death of cancerous cells.


NB. I always specifically buy the ‘CurcuWin®’ proprietary blend (available from a number of different brands) as I’ve found it noticeably gives specifically better results for Lulu than any other form. If you’re not using the CurcuWin® blend just always make sure to feed turmeric together with coconut oil and ground black pepper. Why? Turmeric is fat-solubleWithout fat the active component in turmeric, curcumin, has a difficult time making it past the stomach, into the small intestine and into the blood where it can offer the greatest benefits. Studies have shown that when combined with ground black pepper the piperine in the pepper enhances curcumin’s bioavailability at least 1,000 times. When these three ingredients are fed together the curcumin in the turmeric is considered ‘activated’ making it bio-available for optimal absorption and maximum health benefits.


Where to get it:


I most often buy CurcuWin® curcumin from iHerb as it’s the most economical (see link below) but in a pinch there’s also a good one made by Swisse here in Australia:


Worldwide it’s available from iHerb here:



A Pinch of Black Pepper, freshly ground 


For optimal absorption of all the other bioavailable nutrients in your dog’s food and supplement regime.


Contains piperine an important component to include when feeding turmeric. Together with coconut oil the piperine enhances absorption of the curcumin (the beneficial part) in turmeric (it’s also enhances absorption of many other nutrients). I always add black pepper and coconut oil when supplementing with turmeric.


Piperine has also been found to help regulate inflammation caused by inappropriate immune response.


Where to get it:


Already in your kitchen! (Just make sure it’s pure black or white pepper, or a blend of black, white and green. Don’t use any blends that contains red/pink peppercorns as actually aren’t ‘peppercorns’ at all they’re dried berries from a South American shrub (Schinus molle), contain no pipeline and can be irritating to the stomach of some humans/animals.



1 dsp Unrefined Virgin Coconut Oil 


For general wellbeing, skin and coat health, muscle health, detox, immunity, healthy digestion and gut flora.


Rich in lauric acid (a medium-chain fatty acid) known for its unique anti-viral, anti-fungal, anti-microbial, anti-ulcerogenic, anti-nociceptive (pain relief), anti-inflammatory, anti-hypercholesterolemic (cholesterol lowering), hepato-protective (liver supporting), anti-carcinogenic and immune-boosting effects.


Unrefined virgin coconut oil is also rich in phytonutrients allowing for optimal cellular function and communication. When cells are communicating effectively, the proper sequence of enzymatic reactions take place. This all leads to biochemical reactions creating healthier tissues and organ systems, detoxification of foreign substances, a strong immune system, and muscles that will perform when called upon. The polyphenol antioxidants in virgin coconut oil are known to help balance stress hormones and support cognitive function.


Together with the ground black pepper, coconut oil enhances absorption of the curcumin (the beneficial part) in turmeric. I always add black pepper and coconut oil when supplementing with turmeric.


Only buy virgin or unrefined coconut oil for supplementation – if it doesn’t specify either, don’t use it. Refined coconut oil goes through bleaching and heat-treating processes that add toxins and destroy the beneficial elements of the natural oil.


Where to get it:


Available from health food stores, organic stores, quality supermarkets and some chemists.



50mg of Ubiquinol (activated Co-Enzyme Q10) every second day (I split open the softgel and squeeze the contents into a teaspoonful of mince or anything else tasty that’s handy, ie. chicken skin).


Co-Enzyme Q-10 is a powerful antioxidant that not only fights oxidative damage, increases energy and cognitive function, but also promotes healthy circulation, optimises immune function, supports the healthy presence of oxygen in tissues, supports cardiovascular health, promotes gastrointestinal health and healthy gums. Ubiquinol is an activated form CoQ10 that is most easily absorbed and used by the body, transported by medium chain fatty acids. It’s a particularly important supplement for seniors as natural levels of CoQ-10 decline with age.


For her body weight I could have fed Lulu one every day, but as it really does provide a noticeable increase in energy I found that every second day provided more of a balanced energy lift and prevented her from acting too much like a geriatric Super Girl and potentially hurting herself by playing too hard (yeah, it’s a bull terrier thing!). Again, because of the noticeable energy lift, I always feed Ubiquinol in the morning, rather than at night, otherwise she’d be gearing up for her third hallway hucklebutt as the rest of us are getting ready for bed.


Where to get it:


I use this particular Ubiquinol by Healthy Origins (it’s free from other additives that some Ubiquinol supplements commonly include), available from iHerb with worldwide shipping:


With potential irritants are eliminated and wellness essentials added, the next step is detox and eliminatory organ support for longevity and disease prevention. Then onto joint support (a priority for senior dogs), and I top it all off with stress relief and nervous system support (important for dogs of all ages)


I included the following supplements in Lulu’s daily meal. I know it looks like a long list! But it’s honestly very easy to get into a routine with it all. It only took me about 10 minutes to put Lulu’s dinner together fresh each night, including EVERYTHING on this page! I’ve put it all together so many times it’s just automatic now – I just tip them all into the spice grinder together and mix the resulting powder into her food.


None of those supplements are particularly expensive if you get them from each of the sources I’ve linked to below. Because the dose rates for the average sized dog are half or less than for humans, each supplement generally lasts a really long time. 4 months, 6 months or some will last whole year.


When feeding herbs or spices (ie. turmeric, parsley etc) I often prefer to buy them in therapeutic high-potency capsule form as the freshness, purity and efficacy generally far exceeds that of supermarket or even health-food store loose-packed herbs/spices. NB. When feeding supplements packaged in capsule form I always twist open the capsules, tip the contents into my supplement mix and then discard the empty capsule shell. It’s important not to feed the capsules intact as dogs do not have the necessary digestive enzymes to break down the capsule shell. If you feed the whole capsule the supplement inside will likely be wasted.




Air, water, soil, food – our modern world is filled with unavoidable pollutants. Even the things we give our dogs to protect them from parasites, viral infection, pain and surgical intervention also contain less-than-ideal chemicals that can accumulate and eventually effect organ function, overall health and longevity. Stress can also disrupt the function of a dog’s natural detoxification pathways, so for dogs that travel a lot, are by left themselves during the day or night, or suffer from anxiety or OCD behaviour, regular detox support can be helpful. Skin and allergy problems also benefit significantly from regular detox and eliminatory organ support. If you are in the process of changing your dog’s diet to accomodate sensitivities, including some detox support can shorten the time it takes to see results. Read more on the Detox, Dawg! page.



500mg Spirulina


For detox, energy, prevention of oxidative stress, bone health, allergy relief and longevity.


Spirulina is just well, ALL THAT. It’s ridiculously high in antioxidants (4x more than blueberries!) and rich in essential fatty acids including gamma linolenic acid or GLA (known for its anti-inflammatory properties) and Omegas 3, 6 and 9. It’s 65% bio-available protein, has 26 times the calcium of milk and is rich in chlorophyl which helps remove toxins from the blood and boost the immune system. It contains a plethora of vitamins and including vitamins B-1(thiamine), B-2 (riboflavin), B-3(nicotinamide), B-6 (pyridoxine), B-9 (folic acid), vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin A and vitamin E, and minerals including potassium, calcium, chromium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus,  selenium, sodium and zinc. And, as if all that wasn’t enough, it’s also a natural anti-histamine and understood to inhibit histamine release from mast cells.


Where to get it:


In Australia I use:


For those outside Australia – 1 cap of



A Pinch of Dandelion Leaf


To stimulate healthy kidney function, appetite and help digestion.


Dandelion leaves are loaded with potassium, an important element for kidney function and bone health, particularly in older dogs. As a safe but powerful diuretic, Dandelion leaves promote normal urination which is critical to health. Contrary to many other herbal diuretics that work largely by acid-induced kidney irritation, dandelion is very gentle and soothing to the kidneys. Dandelion leaf also has anti-inflammatory properties and has been known to help prevent bladder and kidney infections.


Dandelion leaves possess what herbalists refer to as a ‘bitter tonic’, having the ability to stimulate salivation and the secretion of digestive juices which essentially works as a ‘warm up’ for the digestive metabolism before the digestive system has to go to work. Bitters are particularly useful in animals who have a problems with indigestion, so if your companion has frequent gas and/or passes food that does not appear digested, a pinch of dandelion leaf in their food may really help.


Where to get:


I use this one from iHerb. It’s good quality, very economical and comes as loose dried leaf in a vacuum sealed pack and lasts pretty much forever (as long as you re-seal the bag well and keep in a cool dry environment). I feed a good pinch (between thumb and index finger) morning and night:



75mg Dandelion Root


A potent antioxidant for detox and liver support, heart health, digestive health.


Dandelion root has been use traditionally as a digestive aid, anti-inflammatory and eliminatory organ supportive for generations. Rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D and B vitamins, as well as zinc, iron and potassium Dandelion root stimulates appetite and normal bile production, support efficient digestion and nutrient absorption, supports eliminatory organ function and purges toxins from the blood. It’s also known to encourage fat metabolisation, promotes healthy lipid profiles, and suppresses fat accumulation in the liver – all likely due to its antioxidant content and ability to calm systemic inflammation and irritation. (source 1, source 2)


Where to get it:


Available with worldwide shipping – 1/2 cap of



120mg Marshmallow Root


For detox, digestion, inflammation & arthritis, kidney and urinary tract support.


Touted by classical Greek physician Hippocrates, the marshmallow plant’s Greek name, Althea, literally means ‘to heal’. Marshmallow root contains factors that combine with and eliminate toxins, helping to cleanse, detoxify and neutralise the toxins that are the causative factors of arthritis. It is an excellent demulcent – an agent that forms a soothing film over a mucous membrane, relieving minor pain and inflammation of the membrane. This soothing effect can help inflamed and irritated tissues of the digestive tract, and urinary and respiratory organs. The root is also said to help increase the secretion and flow of urine, supporting kidney, bladder and urinary tract health.


Where to get it:


Available with worldwide shipping – 1/4 cap of



Siberian Ginseng (Eleuthero or Eleutherococcus senticosus)


For kidney function, arthritis relief, adrenal support and circulation.


Siberian Ginseng is a yang* tonic herb, but is considered less heating (less yang) than the Panax varieties (therefore gentler/safer). It has been used for rheumatic complaints, low vitality, and weak liver and kidney energy for about 2000 years. It is a truly wonderful herb for senior dogs as it provides support/relief for many of the issues that start make canine life less enjoyable in their later years (arthritis, declining kidney function, adrenal fatigue, poor circulation, low energy). I gave Lulu approx 500mg (I half-fill a little 1ml/gm plastic spoon) in her morning meal and it never fails to noticeably bring out her sparkle (improved mobility and energy = more playfulness and cheekiness!).


* In Chinese medicine Yang herbs warm up the internal body, expel coldness and promote physiological functions.


Where to get it:


The Siberian Ginseng I get is certified organic. I currently source it from a local store called ‘Hermetic Herbals’ on eBay:


iHerb also have a good one with worldwide shipping here:


If you’re sourcing it yourself from a source other than those listed above just make that it’s certified organic and that it’s specifically Siberian Ginseng (Eleuthero or Eleutherococcus senticosus) as the different types of ginseng all have quite different properties and Siberian Ginseng specifically is the best one for senior dogs.



700mg Cranberry 


For urinary tract health, heart health, anti-carcinogenic.


The high level of proanthocyanidins (PACs) in cranberries helps reduce the adhesion of certain bacteria to the urinary tract walls, in turn fighting off infections. The high vitamin C content of cranberries also helps prevent urinary crystals/kidney stones. The polyphenols in cranberries may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by preventing platelet build-up and reducing blood pressure via anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Research has also shown that cranberries are beneficial in slowing the progression of tumours and assist in the fight against multiple types of cancer.


Where to get it:


Available with worldwide shipping – 1/2 cap of



75mg Milk Thistle (Silymarin)


For detox, liver support, digestive health, anti-inflammatory


While it has many different benefits, milk thistle is most well-known for being a natural liver supporter and detoxifier. The liver works as hard for dogs as it does for humans  to defend against toxins that are common in the modern world, acting like a filter and removing harmful substances from the body. Milk thistle is proven to decrease, or even reverse, damage to the liver caused by medications, antibiotics, pollution, heavy metals and other environmental toxins.


Milk thistle promotes healthy digestive function by helping with enzyme formation, increasing bile production, decreasing inflammation and soothing the mucous membranes throughout the body.


Where to get it:


Available with worldwide shipping – 1/2 cap of



100mg N-Acetyl Cysteine (‘NAC’)


Detox, immunity, skin health, muscle repair, liver support and respiratory health.


NAC is serves is a precursor for the synthesis of the powerful antioxidant, glutathione. Fed orally, NAC is absorbed into the bloodstream and is naturally converted to glutathione. Glutathione stimulates healthy liver, kidney, and intestinal function – supporting your body’s major detoxification pathways. It helps eliminate toxins, ingested chemicals and heavy metals that the body has already absorbed, while intercepting and neutralising toxins in the gastro-intestinal tract before they are even absorbed.


Glutathione helps fortify the immune system by supporting proper function of white blood cells, including T cell lymphocytes, the immune system’s first line of defence. There is also evidence that glutathione stimulates the natural abilities of critically important NK (‘Natural Killer’) immune cells (the only immune cells able to detect and destroy infected cells).


It supports muscle repair, slows the muscle loss that normally occurs as part of the ageing process and has been proven to dramatically reduce and delay muscle fatigue during exercise. It thins mucus allowing it (and accompanying bacteria) to be more easily expelled from the lungs, subsequently supporting and protecting the upper respiratory tract and overall immune system health.


Where to get it:


Available with worldwide shipping – 1/5 cap of



1/4 tsp Sunflower Lecithin powder (Phosphatidylcholine)


For liver support,  cardiovascular health, cognitive health and memory, stress and nervous system support.


Lecithin is rich in phosphatidylcholine, one of a group of compounds called phospholipids, which build the membranes surrounding every cell in your body. An essential nutrient; in addition to its role in the liver, it supports metabolism and helps make the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.


Phosphatidylcholine one of the primary constituents in cell membranes it helps regulate the way cells work and supports communication between cells. It regulates fat metabolism in the liver, where it binds with proteins that lower triglycerides and boost levels of good cholesterol in the bloodstream. The liver needs phosphatidylcholine to produce very-low-density lipoproteins, which carry fats from the liver. Phosphatidylcholine supplementation has been clinically proven to lower elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) liver enzyme levels and protect against fat build up in the liver, decreasing the long-term risk of liver damage. (source)


Where to get it:


Available with worldwide shipping –



540mg Hawthorn Berry


For heart and kidney health.


Hawthorn (Crataegus species) has been used for centuries in traditional medicine to improve cardio vascular function and output. It supports the heart in a uniquely gentle manner, over time, without initiating any immediate changes in heart function, adding stress, or interfering with other body functions.  Hawthorn is known to dilate both coronary vessels and vessels of the brain, helping to increase circulation and the transport of nutrients and oxygen throughout the body.


When combined with herbs that improve urinary function (ie. dandelion leaf), Hawthorn Berry can help provide more blood and oxygen into renal arteries and smaller vessels of the kidneys, slowing the degeneration of renal tissue that comes with old age and/or kidney disease.


Where to get it:


I used this one (1 cap added to Lulu’s daily food) from iHerb with worldwide shipping:



450mg Parsley


Detox, kidney support, anti-microbial, digestive health, heart health.


Parsley is a common herb and is extremely safe for use on dogs. Rich in protein, fibre, vitamins A, C, B1, B2, and K, it also contains trace minerals such as calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus. Well known as a treatment for canine halitosis (bad breath) parsley is also antimicrobial and carminative (prevents formation of gastrointestinal gas). It’s anti-inflammatory and helps prevent inflammatory issues such as arthritis and cancer. A diuretic, parsley boosts and supports kidney function. It can help lower blood pressure and benefits dogs with heart problems by stimulating the kidneys to eliminate the excess fluids in the lungs and other organs.


Where to get it:


Available with worldwide shipping – 1 cap of





Dogs unfortunately have a tendency to suffer in silence, particularly when it comes to slow-onset chronic conditions like osteoarthritis. You’ll generally only see the signs of arthritis (noticeable joint stiffness, reduced capacity for active play, soreness and depression after exercise) when the disease is fairly well advanced. For this reason it can be extremely beneficial to start supportive joint supplementation early (when your dog is middle-aged i.e. approx 5-6) to ensure a healthy, bouncy, comfortable senior life in years to come. In saying that, it’s never too late to start joint supplementation – combining the supplements below can make a significant difference to quality of life for dogs already suffering from osteoarthritis.



500mg Green Lipped Mussel extract 


Often hailed as a ‘miracle food’ the Green Lipped Mussel (Perna Canaliculus) is a shell fish native to the shores of our home country, Aotearoa (New Zealand). Green Lipped Mussel extract contains a variety of proteins, minerals, vitamins, omega 3s, healthy enzymes, polypeptides, chondroitin, glycosaminoglycans, mucopolysaccharides and glycoproteins – nutrients that aid in the preservation of mobility and joint health, functional cartilage, heart health, immunity, skin health, and overall wellness. Green Lipped Mussels possess a profile of Omega-3 essential fatty acids (92 fatty acids in total) which are unique to its species and renowned for anti-inflammatory properties. The presence of this rich source of essential fatty acids provides the mussel with potent anti-inflammatory activity believed to stem from an ability to inhibit the production of cyclo-oxygenase and leukotrienes.


Where to get it:


In Australia I use – 1 cap of


Worldwide – 1 cap of



1.5g Glucosamine HCL


Glucosamine is a naturally occurring compound composed of a sugar and an amino acid intrinsic to maintaining healthy cartilage and joint function. It’s a necessary part of the body’s production of joint lubricants and shock-absorption tissue. The body naturally produces it’s own glucosamine, but production decreases steadily with age, leaving senior dogs more susceptible to osteoarthritis. Glucosamine is also one of the building blocks of articular cartilage and aids in the rebuilding of damaged cartilage to restore healthy joint performance.


Glucosamine also beneficial to other other body structures besides joints. It is involved in the formation of nails, tendons, skin, eyes, synovial fluid, bone, ligaments, heart valves, and in mucous secretions of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary tracts. It is created in the production of proteins associated with cellular growth and structure.


NB. There are two main types of supplemental glucosamine available. I always use Glucosamine Hydrochloride (HCL) in tandem with Chondroitin Sulphate, as opposed to using Glucosamine Sulfate (KCI). I’ve occasionally heard people say “I tried glucosamine but it made my dog really thirsty”. This depends on your choice of glucosamine – Glucosamine Sulphate (KCI) is stabilised with sodium chloride (aka. table salt) and contains up to 30% sodium, which will understandably prompt dogs to drink more (it’s important to keep sodium levels low in a dogs diet).  Glucosamine Hydrochloride (HCL) in comparison does not contain sodium chloride and has a higher concentration of beneficial glucosamine than KCL. Glucosamine HCL is most effective when supplemented in tandem with Chondroitin sulphate. Always read the ingredients before purchasing know which type of Glucosamine you’re buying.


Where to get it:


In Australia I use this combined Glucosamine HCL & Chondroitin formula –


For those outside Australia –



500-600mg Chondroitin (sulphate)


Chondroitin is a major component of cartilage – the tough, connective tissue that cushions the joints. Chondroitin occurs naturally in the body but levels steadily decrease with age, leaving senior joints more susceptible to osteoarthritis. Supplementing with chondroitin can help the body to repair damaged cartilage and restore joint integrity. It can also protect existing cartilage from premature breakdown as well as keep cartilage tissue hydrated and assist in cushioning impact stress. Chondroitin supplementation has been found to address and treat the cause of osteoarthritis itself (unlike pain killers which just dull the pain for a limited time and put stress on eliminatory organs).


I know from my experience with Lulu that supplementation with chondroitin can reduce joint pain significantly, particularly when combined with glucosamine and green lipped mussel extract.


Where to get it:


In Australia I use this combined Glucosamine HCL & Chondroitin formula –


For those outside Australia –



2000mg Type II Collagen


Collagen is what helps give our skin strength and elasticity, along with replacing dead skin cells. When it comes to our joints and tendons, in simplest terms, it’s the ‘glue’ that helps hold the body together. Our body’s collagen production naturally begins to slow down as we age. (source)


Type-II Collagen, most commonly sourced from chicken cartilage, contains the greatest number of joint supporting proteoglycans of all the forms of collagen. Efficient and particularly bio-available, Type-II collagen improves joint health by repairing damaged cartilage and tendon tissue. This can help speed up healing and reduce joint pain, hip pain, swelling and tenderness in dogs with joint damage and in senior dogs with arthritis and compromised mobility. As an added bonus it also helps to increase metabolism (which can slow with age), support healthy muscle tissue, heal damaged gut tissue and connective tissue, and support skin healing and hydration which can, in turn, help in with the prevention of issues caused by dry skin (ie. eczema/pyoderma). Basically, it’s a winner.


Where to get it:


I use this one from iHerb with worldwide shipping (2 capsules daily):


If you’re in America Dr Mercola Pets offers a joint formula (not available here in Australia) that provides  both Type II collagen and MSM together along with some other awesome stuff:



100mg MSM 


MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) has been known as a key element in joint health for both humans and animals for many years now. The sulfur in MSM helps promote flexibility and elasticity of body tissue and helps maintain cell membrane permeability. MSM also acts as a powerful antioxidant, scavenging free radicals and aiding in muscle function and joint fluid production.



Where to get it:


Available worldwide from iHerb here (I give about 1/10th of a scoop, which equals approx 100mg):


If you’re in America (not available here in Australia) Dr Mercola Pets offers a joint formula that provides  both Type II collagen and MSM together along with some other awesome stuff:



1300mg Magnesium Malate (650mg morning and night)


Magnesium is an essential mineral for dogs (as it is for humans), and just like humans it can be hard to get enough from natural food sources due to mineral depletion from modern horticultural farming methods. Here in Australia the unique natural makeup of our soil is also naturally deficient in magnesium making it nearly impossible for humans and pets living here to get enough magnesium even from a quality organic diet, making supplementation essential.


Magnesium is incredibly important for nervous system, neuromuscular and muscular health – including that big ol’ heart muscle that keeps the blood pumping!  It’s integral to proper bone growth and also necessary for the absorption of a number of other key vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, vitamin E, calcium and phosphorus, sodium, and potassium. Symptoms of magnesium deficiency are most commonly muscle weakness, soreness, tension, anxiety and tremors, it can also be a factor in heart arrhythmia and nervous disorders.


There are a number of different forms of magnesium available. I use Magnesium Malate, a compound of magnesium and malic acid, as I’ve found it to be the most gentle on the digestive system of all the magnesium compounds I’ve tried (incl. glycinate, orotate, citrate, chloride and oxide). Malic acid is naturally occurring in many foods, particularly in apples, and is a key component in the beneficial properties of Apple Cider Vinegar. Malic acid is known to have a positive role in both aerobic and anaerobic energy production and is also touted for its ability to help relieve muscle pain and soreness, making it an idea partner for magnesium when supplementing to support muscular health. Both magnesium and malic acid also help prevent a build up of calcium oxalate, the mineral that causes urinary crystals/kidney stones.


Where to get it:


The magnesium malate I use is available from iHerb with worldwide shipping (I gave Lulu 1/2 tablet in her supplement mix morning and night):



1/4 tsp PetArk ‘Calm’ powder


To minimise stress, anxiety and OCD behaviour for happiness, attentiveness, a healthy nervous system.


PetArk Calm assists in the maintenance of normal muscle and nerve function and contains a range of nutrients that have a role in assisting the transmission of nerve impulses. A daily dose of this beautifully balanced blend of B vitamins, essential minerals, chamomile, hops, passionflower and tryptophan (the natural serotonin-promoting amino acid found in turkey) can support learning, attentiveness and happiness and provide relief from separation anxiety, anxiety-based mis-behaviour and OCD behaviour. PetArk’s Calm powder is an amazing natural remedy for the natural stresses of dog-life (of which bull terriers, and their wonderful unique minds, can be particularly prone).


Read more about the physiology of stress and how it can effect your dog’s immediate and long term health HERE.


Where to get it:


Available online in Australia here:


If you live outside Australia check out the PetArk Calm ingredients lists at and research similar formulas available in your area.



Lix North | Artist, Illustrator, Photographer. Owned by The Lulu Bully.


I grew up on a farm in rural New Zealand. Forever fond of my gumboots and jumping in muddy puddles, my childhood best friends were the farm working dogs (huntaways, bearded and border collies) and the family spaniels. Animals have always been an intrinsic part of my life, I spent a lot of my youth caring for farm and domestic animals, hand rearing orphaned animals and watching and assisting farm hands and vets. One of my earliest memories is the magic and awe I felt as a toddler watching my grandmother help a litter of puppies into the world. As legend has it, my first word was ‘woof’.


My passion for holistic health was born from the challenge of living with multiple polymorphic gene mutations. 20+ years spent studying holistic principles and modalities, together with a basic understanding of metabolic, enzymatic and genetic processes empowered me to manage my own sensitivities, methylation and immune issues at a level that conventional medical science alone was unable to offer. It was a natural progression, as Lulu’s own sensitivities became apparent, to simply apply the very same level of research and holistic care to her.


For fine art by Lix North visit For illustration, graphic art and photography visit
Disclaimer: The content on is a fluid, living collection of notes, personal thoughts and experiences. I regularly edit tweak and update these blog pages as my ideas evolve. All opinions are my own and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, nor prevent any disease. Thoughts expressed, information provided and products mentioned are not necessarily approved by any governing body or health professional. I am not a qualified medical, veterinarian or naturopathic practitioner, my thoughts and experiences are offered purely as a layperson. Discretion, common sense and personal responsibility should be employed when applying any of the ideas expressed here to your own personal situation.